Heart disease is one of the most growing concerns because lifestyle changes have made us more susceptible to it than ever before. According to 2015 data, India has a whopping 30 million heart patients. Not only can heart disease lead to death, it causes various disabilities as well and affects the quality of life on an everyday basis.
Ischemic or coronary heart disease is a condition whereby plaque – that is fat, deposits in the heart’s major blood vessels and restricts the flow of blood to the heart. It often manifests itself in the form of chest pain, discomfort, sweating or as a heart attack if undiagnosed. Sadly, it cannot be cured. However, it can be treated using medications or surgery.
Prevention is better than treatment
According to a noted German cardiologist, India is facing the same problem today in terms of heart disease and obesity what Germany faced 15 years ago as an aftermath of war. It is time to act before we end up with a population that is at high risk to heart disease.
What can be done?
Understanding the causes of plaque buildup in the coronary artery is of paramount importance.
- Smoking is currently a big problem and India and one of the major causes of coronary heart disease, heart attack, and stroke as it catalyzes fat deposition in the arteries.
- The important of exercise can never be overstated. Maintain an active schedule, ideally consisting of 30 minutes of exercise every day to keep the blood pressure in check.
- Diabetes damages organs. Get regular checkups for diabetes and watch your caloric intake.
- Eat healthy – substitute foods that contain lots of sugar, salt and trans-fats with healthier options such as raw fruits and vegetables, omega-3 fatty acids and fiber rich meals.
Preventing non-communicable diseases such as heart disease is all about making small changes in everyday habits and adapting to a healthier lifestyle. A little effort today can save you millions tomorrow.
This article was written by Dr. Renuka David, a leading health and wellness consultant in India. You can reach her at http://www.drrenukadavid.com/ask-renu/